The International Conference on Emerging Technologies in Electronics, Computing and Communication 2022
Application of linear and nonlinear control schemes for the stability of Smart GridRafiq Asghar1; Mohd Herwan Sulaiman1; Sarmad Saeed2; Hamid Wadood3; Taimoor Khan Mehmand4; Zahid Ullah5*;
|1Universiti Malaysia Pahang|
2University of Alabama at Birmingham
3University of Alabama at Birmingham
4Tampere University, 33100 Tampere, Finland
5UMT Lahore Sialkot Campus, Pakistan
Reliability and controls are essential for preventing outages, load disparity, and synchronization mismatch in a power system. Smart Grid (SG) is a cost-effective solution for minimizing inter-regional variations, optimizing load demand, stabilizing equipment operations, and managing conventional and renewable power sources. However, SGs are still in their infancy, and abrupt changes in demand, grid disruptions, and weather-related variations in renewable energy have a significant impact on their stability. Various hardware and software controls are designed to preserve the stability of SG systems during disturbances and uncertainty. This paper examines the various forms of power system disturbances and their impacts on SG stability. In addition, an overview of the most common linear and nonlinear control strategies applied to SG systems is provided. Finally, advantages, disadvantages, and applications are discussed to highlight the need for more robust operational and control approaches to enhancing SG stability.